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From Tiberius to Claudius

The successor of Augustus, Tiberius, intends to continue his policy . In fact, he , along with Claudio , is a model of western emperor : the emperor who proclaimed himself not and does not make worship as a god. He was much criticized in his day, and the portrait that did Suetonius and Tacitus was a man incapable , which tended to shift the blame and feared confrontation. He , according to modern historians , it was definitely less affable of Augustus, but just as effective in the management of power, not in Rome threw unnecessary and bloody wars of conquest, healed the state coffers , and consolidated the empire at the expense of the senatorial oligarchy . Perhaps that is why he was hated by historians and biographers , who belonged to that class . He also was reasonably concerned about the weight of the power, which actually felt the responsibility and risks.

Begin under his empire in fact the rivalries and political machinations . Of one of these plots was the protagonist Agrippina the Elder , nephew of Tiberius and wife of Germanicus , an ambitious general who died under mysterious circumstances on 19 AD She was accused of treason, exiled , killed himself in exile.

Sejanus was the powerful praetorian prefect , who moved directly to Rome Praetorian troops , thus increasing his power. When Tiberius retired to Capri for a few years , he became the undisputed master of Rome, and devised a plot to destabilize Tiberius, but the plot was foiled and he was sentenced to death .

The successor of Tiberius, Caligula, son of Germanicus , was proclaimed emperor by the troops and the benevolent initially by the Senate. He, like Nero, embodies the eastern model of sovereign , self-proclaimed God , and that feels very far from the Senate and close to the people and the army. The populace and the soldiers indeed did many donations, which put in serious difficulty , however, the state coffers , healed by Tiberius . He did not appoint a senator horse crazy because , as he wanted the senatorial historiography , but because he wanted to prove that the perfect uselessness of the republican magistrates . With its excesses and its despotism succeeded only in uniting all , in Rome and in the provinces , against him, and was killed by a conspiracy .

Senators glimpsed for a moment , with the death of Caligula, the possibility of a restoration of the republic, but the Praetorians , conscious that their power would be gone if there had not been an emperor , tracked down , almost frightened and hidden, the only of the Julio-Claudian dynasty available at the time , Claudius, and appointed him as emperor with the favor of the people. At this point, the Senate could only ratify his appointment.

He actually proved to be a great king : it was caught and moderate , active and industrious .

Under Claudius was completed the conquest of Britain , was granted Roman citizenship to the Gauls , and some freedmen became imperial officials . In fact, he adopted the criterion that the power was not to go to a person belonging to a certain family , but on its own merits .

Claudius was a bit ' too weak against women .

His two wives were in fact the protagonists under his reign . The first , Messalina , for the scandals and multiple relationships and not hidden with most men , so that Claudius was forced to kill her publicly when she married another man who wanted to become emperor instead of Claudius.

The second wife , Agrippina , was his uncle Claudius as her third husband . In fact, his goal was to get more and more power for himself and for his son born from his first marriage , Nero. To do this, persuaded her husband to adopt Nero, who became his successor in place of Britannicus, son of Claudius. Then probably poisoned Claudius, Nero and placed on the throne , who influenced and led until the same Nero , exasperated, had her killed .





Collaboratori audio-video:
Gianni Peteani (22)
Silvio Prota (8)
Matteo Lusso (7)
Daniela Notarbartolo (6)
Giuseppe Corso (3)
Vincenzo Andraous
Filippo La Porta (3)
Marco Vianello (3)
Paolo Gulisano (2)
Piero Cipollone (2)
Tiziana Pedrizzi (2)
Daniela  Graffigna (2)
Donato Pirovano (2)










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